当前位置:必发365电子游戏 > 操作系统 > 自定义用户名及密码验证(需要借助X509证书),就继续总结WCF身份验证的其它方法
自定义用户名及密码验证(需要借助X509证书),就继续总结WCF身份验证的其它方法
2019-12-19

WCF身份验证日日常见的不二等秘书诀有:自定义客户名及密码验证、X509证件验证、ASP.NET成员身份(membership)验证、SOAP Header验证、Windows集成验证、WCF身份验证服务(AuthenticationService),那一个验证方式实在网络都有相关的介绍小说,小编那边总算二个总括吧,顺便对于一些在乎细节举行求证,以便我们能越来越好的支配那个文化。

因近些日子工作转移(换了新职业)及办事较忙临时中止了该连串文章,明天弥足拥戴有一些空闲时间,就持续计算WCF身份验证的别的方法。前边计算了二种办法(详见:有关WEB Service&WCF&WebApi实现身份验证之WCF篇(1)),几最近又将分享二种方法,达成WCF篇。

先是种:自定义顾客名及密码验证(必要依靠X509证书)

第四种:SOAP Header验证

鉴于该验证要求依附X509证书,所以大家要求先创建多少个注明,能够选择MS自带的makecert.exe程序来塑造测量试验用注明,使用手续:请依次张开开端->Microsoft Visual Studio 贰零零玖(VS菜单,版本差异,名称有所区别卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)->Visual Studio Tools->Visual Studio 命令提醒,然后施行以下命令:

首先定义三个WCF服务协议及服务完毕类(前边的各样申明均运用该WCF服务),作者这里一贯利用暗许的代码,如下:

makecert -r -pe -n "CN=ZwjCert" -ss TrustedPeople -sr LocalMachine -sky exchange

服务协议定义:

上述命令中除去自个儿标粗的部份可改成你实际的伸手外(为证件名称),其他的均能够维持不改变,命令的意味是:创设三个名叫ZwjCert必发365电子游戏,的证件将将其加盟到地头计算机的受信赖人区域中。

namespace WcfService1
{
    // 注意: 使用“重构”菜单上的“重命名”命令,可以同时更改代码和配置文件中的接口名“IService1”。
    [ServiceContract(Namespace="http://www.zuowenjun.cn")]
    public interface IService1
    {

        [OperationContract]
        string GetData(int value);

        [OperationContract]
        CompositeType GetDataUsingDataContract(CompositeType composite);

        // TODO: 在此添加您的服务操作
    }


    // 使用下面示例中说明的数据约定将复合类型添加到服务操作。
    [DataContract]
    public class CompositeType
    {
        bool boolValue = true;
        string stringValue = "Hello ";

        [DataMember]
        public bool BoolValue
        {
            get { return boolValue; }
            set { boolValue = value; }
        }

        [DataMember]
        public string StringValue
        {
            get { return stringValue; }
            set { stringValue = value; }
        }
    }
}

只要供给查阅该证件,那么能够经过MMC调整台查询证件,具体操作步骤如下:

服务完成Service1.svc:

运转->MMC,第二回张开Windows没有给大家希图好直接的治本证书的输入,要求自行增添,增添艺术如下:

namespace WcfService1
{
    public class Service1 : IService1
    {
        public string GetData(int value)
        {
            return string.Format("You entered: {0}", value);
        }

        public CompositeType GetDataUsingDataContract(CompositeType composite)
        {
            if (composite == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("composite");
            }
            if (composite.BoolValue)
            {
                composite.StringValue += "Suffix";
            }
            return composite;
        }
    }
}

1. 在调控台菜单,文件→增加/删除管理单元→加多开关→选”证书”→增加→选”笔者的顾客账户”→关闭→分明
2. 在决定台菜单,文件→加多/删除管理单元→加多按键→选”证书”→加多→选”计算机账户”→关闭→明确

 然后就起来编写制定完毕SOAP Header验证的现实逻辑,为了便于扩展及可移植性,笔者这里新建二个类库项目:WcfServiceBehaviorExtension,在该项目中定义四个类,第一个是贯彻自IClientMessageInspector的类:AttachUserNamePasswordInspector,用于贯彻顾客端在调用WCF服务时自动叠合客商新闻(顾客名及密码);第四个是兑现自IDispatchMessageInspector, IEndpointBehavior的类:ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior,用于落到实处自定义音讯分发及说明客户新闻;第三个是持续自BehaviorExtensionElement的类:ValidateUserNamePasswordElement,用于贯彻endpointBehavior扩张,可平素配备在config文件中,若使用在代码动态拉长ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior则那类能够毫不定义,上面依次分享那多少个类的实现代码。

如此那般MMC中上手就有菜单了,然后逐意气风发张开:证书(本地计算机卡塔尔->受信赖人->证书,最终就能够在左侧的注脚列表中见到本人的注解了,如下图示:

AttachUserNamePasswordInspector

必发365电子游戏 1

namespace WcfServiceBehaviorExtension
{
    public class AttachUserNamePasswordInspector : IClientMessageInspector
    {
        private static string userName = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["username"];
        private static string password = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["pwd"];

        public void AfterReceiveReply(ref System.ServiceModel.Channels.Message reply, object correlationState)
        {

        }

        public object BeforeSendRequest(ref System.ServiceModel.Channels.Message request, System.ServiceModel.IClientChannel channel)
        {
            MessageHeader userNameHeader = MessageHeader.CreateHeader("OperationUserName", "http://www.zuowenjun.cn", userName, false, "");
            MessageHeader pwdNameHeader = MessageHeader.CreateHeader("OperationPwd", "http://www.zuowenjun.cn", password, false, "");

            request.Headers.Add(userNameHeader);
            request.Headers.Add(pwdNameHeader);
            return null;
        }
    }
}

 

ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior

申明成立好,我们就能够初步编码了,本文首要讲的正是WCF,所以大家先是定义八个WCF服务合同及劳动实现类(后边的各类评释均接收该WCF服务),我这里直接使用暗中认可的代码,如下:

namespace WcfServiceBehaviorExtension
{

    public class ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior : IDispatchMessageInspector, IEndpointBehavior
    {

        #region IDispatchMessageInspector 成员


        private string GetHeaderValue(string key)
        {

            int index = OperationContext.Current.IncomingMessageHeaders.FindHeader(key, "http://www.zuowenjun.cn");

            if (index >= 0)
            {
                return OperationContext.Current.IncomingMessageHeaders.GetHeader<string>(index).ToString();
            }

            return null;
        }



        public object AfterReceiveRequest(ref System.ServiceModel.Channels.Message request, System.ServiceModel.IClientChannel channel, System.ServiceModel.InstanceContext instanceContext)
        {
            string username = GetHeaderValue("OperationUserName");
            string pwd = GetHeaderValue("OperationPwd");

            if (!(username == "admin" && pwd == "wcf.admin"))
            {
                throw new FaultException("操作的用户名或密码不正确!");
            }
            return null;

        }



        public void BeforeSendReply(ref System.ServiceModel.Channels.Message reply, object correlationState)
        {

        }



        #endregion



        #region IEndpointBehavior 成员



        public void AddBindingParameters(ServiceEndpoint endpoint, System.ServiceModel.Channels.BindingParameterCollection bindingParameters)
        {

        }



        public void ApplyClientBehavior(ServiceEndpoint endpoint, System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.ClientRuntime clientRuntime)
        {
            clientRuntime.MessageInspectors.Add(new AttachUserNamePasswordInspector());
        }



        public void ApplyDispatchBehavior(ServiceEndpoint endpoint, System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.EndpointDispatcher endpointDispatcher)
        {
            endpointDispatcher.DispatchRuntime.MessageInspectors.Add(new ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior());
        }



        public void Validate(ServiceEndpoint endpoint)
        {
        }



        #endregion

    }

}
namespace WcfAuthentications
{
    [ServiceContract]
    public interface IService1
    {
        [OperationContract]
        string GetData(int value);

        [OperationContract]
        CompositeType GetDataUsingDataContract(CompositeType composite);

    }

    [DataContract]
    public class CompositeType
    {
        bool boolValue = true;
        string stringValue = "Hello ";

        [DataMember]
        public bool BoolValue
        {
            get { return boolValue; }
            set { boolValue = value; }
        }

        [DataMember]
        public string StringValue
        {
            get { return stringValue; }
            set { stringValue = value; }
        }
    }
}


namespace WcfAuthentications
{
    public class Service1 : IService1
    {
        public string GetData(int value)
        {
            return string.Format("You entered: {0}", value);
        }

        public CompositeType GetDataUsingDataContract(CompositeType composite)
        {
            if (composite == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("composite");
            }
            if (composite.BoolValue)
            {
                composite.StringValue += "Suffix";
            }
            return composite;
        }
    }
}

ValidateUserNamePasswordElement

要促成客户名及密码验证,就须要定义三个连任自UserNamePasswordValidator的客商名及密码验证器类CustomUserNameValidator,代码如下:

namespace WcfServiceBehaviorExtension
{
    public class ValidateUserNamePasswordElement: BehaviorExtensionElement
    {
        public override Type BehaviorType
        {
            get { return typeof(ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior); }
        }

        protected override object CreateBehavior()
        {
            return new ValidateUserNamePasswordBehavior();
        }
    }
}
namespace WcfAuthentications
{
    public class CustomUserNameValidator : UserNamePasswordValidator
    {

        public override void Validate(string userName, string password)
        {
            if (null == userName || null == password)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException();
            }
            if (userName != "admin" && password != "wcf.admin") //这里可依实际情况下实现用户名及密码判断
            {
                throw new System.IdentityModel.Tokens.SecurityTokenException("Unknown Username or Password");
            }

        }
    }
}

概念好上述类后,大家再在WCF服务项目:WcfService第11中学引用该类型,然后修正配置文件web.config:

代码很简短,只是重写其Validate方法,上面正是将创造WCF宿主,作者那边运用调整台程序

  <system.serviceModel>
    <extensions>
      <behaviorExtensions>
        <add name="soapHaderValidation" type="WcfServiceBehaviorExtension.ValidateUserNamePasswordElement,WcfServiceBehaviorExtension"/>
      </behaviorExtensions>
    </extensions>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior>
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true"/>
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
      <endpointBehaviors>
        <behavior name="service1behavior">
          <soapHaderValidation />
        </behavior>
      </endpointBehaviors>
    </behaviors> 
    <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
    <services>
      <service name="WcfService1.Service1">
        <endpoint binding="wsHttpBinding" contract="WcfService1.IService1" behaviorConfiguration="service1behavior"></endpoint>
      </service>
    </services>
  </system.serviceModel>

代码部份:

小心以下几点:

namespace WcfHost
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            using (var host = new ServiceHost(typeof(Service1)))
            {
                host.Opened += delegate
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Service1 Host已开启!");
                };
                host.Open();
                Console.ReadKey();
            }
        }
    }
}

1.配置extensions > behaviorExtensions节点,里面加多ValidateUserNamePasswordElement类型音信,name为自定义名称,type为ValidateUserNamePasswordElement的总体类型名称,中间加逗号分隔,前面是此类所在的顺序集名称;

APP.CONFIG部份(那是至关重大,能够动用WCF配置工具来进展可视化操作配置,参见:

2.配置endpointBehaviors > behavior节点,扩充1中命名的节点soapHaderValidation,这里或然会报错误,但请不要理睬,因为该节点在运行时才会生效的。

  <system.serviceModel>
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="Service1Binding">
          <security mode="Message">
            <message clientCredentialType="UserName" />
          </security>
        </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <services>
      <service behaviorConfiguration="Service1Behavior" name="WcfAuthentications.Service1">
        <endpoint address="" binding="wsHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="Service1Binding"
          contract="WcfAuthentications.IService1">
          <identity>
            <dns value="ZwjCert" />
          </identity>
        </endpoint>
        <endpoint address="mex" binding="mexHttpBinding" contract="IMetadataExchange" />
        <host>
          <baseAddresses>
            <add baseAddress="http://localhost:8732/WcfAuthentications/Service1/" />
          </baseAddresses>
        </host>
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="Service1Behavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" />
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false" />
          <serviceCredentials>
            <serviceCertificate findValue="ZwjCert" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" storeLocation="LocalMachine" storeName="TrustedPeople" />
            <userNameAuthentication userNamePasswordValidationMode="Custom"
              customUserNamePasswordValidatorType="WcfAuthentications.CustomUserNameValidator,WcfAuthentications" />
          </serviceCredentials>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
  </system.serviceModel>

3.配置endpoint节点,须要加多behaviorConfiguration属性,并钦命到第22中学所相对应的behavior

那么些中有多少个供给注意的点:

上述配置说白了便是布署自定义的劳务行为类,使用在运作时注入到WCF服务管道中。

1.<dns value="ZwjCert" />与<serviceCertificate findValue="ZwjCert" ..>中的value必须都为证明的名号,即:ZwjCert;

 服务端设置好后并发布运转,最终就是客商端援引该WCF服务,同临时间必要引用WcfServiceBehaviorExtension项目,然后修正配置文件app.config(笔者那边演示接受的是控制台程序):

2.Binding节点中需配置security节点,message子节点中的clientCredentialType必须设为:UserName;

    <system.serviceModel>
      <extensions>
        <behaviorExtensions>
          <add name="soapHaderValidation" type="WcfServiceBehaviorExtension.ValidateUserNamePasswordElement,WcfServiceBehaviorExtension"/>
        </behaviorExtensions>
      </extensions>
      <behaviors>
        <endpointBehaviors>
          <behavior name="service1behavior">
            <soapHaderValidation />
          </behavior>
        </endpointBehaviors>
      </behaviors>
        <bindings>
            <wsHttpBinding>
                <binding name="WSHttpBinding_IService1" />
            </wsHttpBinding>
        </bindings>
        <client>
            <endpoint address="http://localhost:7704/Service1.svc" binding="wsHttpBinding"
                bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IService1" contract="ServiceReference.IService1"
                name="WSHttpBinding_IService1" behaviorConfiguration="service1behavior">
            </endpoint>
        </client>
    </system.serviceModel>

3.serviceBehavior节点中,需配备serviceCredentials子节点,当中serviceCertificate 中各属性均需与证书相相配,userNameAuthentication的userNamePasswordValidationMode必须为Custom,customUserNamePasswordValidatorType为地点自定义的顾客名及密码验证器类的种类及其程序集

注意事项与服务端配置文件生机勃勃律,即须求配置extensions > behaviorExtensions节点、endpointBehaviors > behavior节点、endpoint节点加多behaviorConfiguration属性

末尾正是在顾客端应用了,先援用服务,然后看下App.Config,并开展适当的改换,如下:

另还需在appSettings节点中扩充布署客户名及密码

    <system.serviceModel>
        <bindings>
            <wsHttpBinding>
                <binding name="WSHttpBinding_IService1" >
                    <security mode="Message">
                        <transport clientCredentialType="Windows" proxyCredentialType="None"
                            realm="" />
                        <message clientCredentialType="UserName" negotiateServiceCredential="true"
                            algorithmSuite="Default" />
                    </security>
                </binding>
            </wsHttpBinding>
        </bindings>
        <client>
            <endpoint address="http://localhost:8732/WcfAuthentications/Service1/"
                binding="wsHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IService1"
                contract="ServiceReference1.IService1" name="WSHttpBinding_IService1">
                <identity>
                    <dns value="ZwjCert" />
                </identity>
            </endpoint>
        </client>
    </system.serviceModel>

安排好后就足以在前后相继中调用WCF服务,调用方法进程与普通的调用方法意气风发致,并无此外分歧。当然倘若不想在客商端配置自定义节点及,能够经过以下代码来动态的丰裕顾客名及密码音讯:

为了优越爱惜,作者这边对Binding节点举行了简短,去掉了许多的性格配置,仅保留主要的部份,如:security节点,订正其endpoint上面的identity中<dns value="ZwjCert" />,这里的value与劳动中所说的一模二样节点相近,正是证书名称,尽管不平等,那么就能够报错,具体的错误消息我们能够自动试下,小编这里限于篇幅内容就不贴出来了。

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            try
            {
                var client = new ServiceReference.Service1Client();
                using (OperationContextScope contextScope = new OperationContextScope(client.InnerChannel))
                {
                    AppendUserInfoHeader("admin", "wcf.admin");
                    string str = client.GetData(1);
                    Console.WriteLine(str);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("ERROR:{0}", ex.Message);
            }

            Console.WriteLine("我是主线程!");
            Console.Read();
        }


        static void AppendUserInfoHeader(string username, string pwd)
        {
            MessageHeader header = MessageHeader.CreateHeader("OperationUserName", "http://www.zuowenjun.cn", username);
            OperationContext.Current.OutgoingMessageHeaders.Add(header);

            header = MessageHeader.CreateHeader("OperationPwd", "http://www.zuowenjun.cn", pwd);
            OperationContext.Current.OutgoingMessageHeaders.Add(header);

        }

顾客端选用劳务代码如下:

第多样:集成Windows客户组授权与认证

namespace WCFClient
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            using (var proxy = new ServiceReference1.Service1Client())
            {
                proxy.ClientCredentials.UserName.UserName = "admin";
                proxy.ClientCredentials.UserName.Password = "wcf.admin";
                string result = proxy.GetData(1);
                Console.WriteLine(result);
                var compositeObj = proxy.GetDataUsingDataContract(new CompositeType() { BoolValue = true, StringValue = "test" });
                Console.WriteLine(SerializerToJson(compositeObj));
            }
            Console.ReadKey();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 序列化成JSON字符串
        /// </summary>
        static string SerializerToJson<T>(T obj) where T:class
        {
            var serializer = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(T));
            var stream = new MemoryStream();
            serializer.WriteObject(stream,obj);

            byte[] dataBytes = new byte[stream.Length];

            stream.Position = 0;
            stream.Read(dataBytes, 0, (int)stream.Length);
            string dataString = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(dataBytes);
            return dataString;
        }
    }
}

先是,在促成劳务左券时,大家在须求授权与认证的类或措施中增加PrincipalPermission性子,代码如下:

运营结果如下图示:

        [PrincipalPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,Role="Users")]
        public string GetData(int value)
        {
            return string.Format("You entered: {0}", value);
        }

必发365电子游戏 2  

此地小编安顿的是独有当呼吁的WINDOWS凭证的客商剧中人物类型为Users才同意调用该办法,能够设置成此外剧中人物或钦点顾客名(Name)等。

假若不传播客商名及密码或传播不科学的顾客名及密码,均会报错:

然后改过配置文件,配置如下:

必发365电子游戏 3

  <system.serviceModel>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="service1behavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true"/>
          <serviceAuthorization principalPermissionMode="UseWindowsGroups"></serviceAuthorization>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
    <services>
      <service name="WcfService1.Service1" behaviorConfiguration="service1behavior">
        <endpoint name="service1" binding="wsHttpBinding" contract="WcfService1.IService1" ></endpoint>
      </service>
    </services>
  </system.serviceModel>

第两种:X509证书验证

此间供给注意,需配置serviceBehaviors > behavior > serviceAuthorization节点,将principalPermissionMode属性设为:UseWindowsGroups,并还要在service节点上点名behaviorConfiguration即可。

第大器晚成创造多少个注解,作者那边就用地方创建的叁个证件:ZwjCert;由于劳动器端及顾客端均需求用到该证件,所以需求导出证书,在顾客端的微机上导入该证件,以便WCF可开展认证。

终极客商端符合规律援用该WCF服务,然后在调用WCF服务时,要求创制WindowsClientCredential对象,并点名客户名与密码,这里的客户名与密码均为该WCF服务端上服务器上的WINDOWS客商名及密码,具体代码如下:

WCF服务左券及劳动达成类与第豆蔻年华种办法后生可畏致,不再重贴代码。

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            try
            {
                var client = new ServiceReference.Service1Client();
                NetworkCredential credential = client.ChannelFactory.Credentials.Windows.ClientCredential;
                credential.UserName = "test";
                credential.Password = "test";

                string str = client.GetData(1);
                Console.WriteLine(str); ;

            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("ERROR:{0}", ex.Message);
            }

            Console.WriteLine("我是主线程!");
            Console.Read();
        }

WCF服务器配置如下:

第六种:集成Windows验证

  <system.serviceModel>
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="Service1Binding">
          <security mode="Message">
            <message clientCredentialType="Certificate" />
          </security>
        </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <services>
      <service behaviorConfiguration="Service1Behavior" name="WcfAuthentications.Service1">
        <endpoint address="" binding="wsHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="Service1Binding"
          contract="WcfAuthentications.IService1">
        </endpoint>
        <endpoint address="mex" binding="mexHttpBinding" contract="IMetadataExchange" />
        <host>
          <baseAddresses>
            <add baseAddress="http://127.0.0.1:8732/WcfAuthentications/Service1/" />
          </baseAddresses>
        </host>
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="Service1Behavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" />
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false" />
          <serviceCredentials>
            <serviceCertificate findValue="ZwjCert" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" storeLocation="LocalMachine" storeName="TrustedPeople" />
            <clientCertificate>
              <authentication certificateValidationMode="None"/>
            </clientCertificate>
          </serviceCredentials>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
  </system.serviceModel>

服务概念与得以完成与篇章早前贴出的代码相似,无任何异样的地点,唯少年老成的不同在于配备文件,如下:

这里需注意如下几点:

  <system.serviceModel>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior>
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <bindings>
      <basicHttpBinding>
        <binding name="service1binding">
          <security mode="TransportCredentialOnly">
            <transport clientCredentialType="Windows"></transport>
          </security>
        </binding>
      </basicHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
    <services>
      <service name="WcfService1.Service1" >
        <endpoint name="service1" binding="basicHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="service1binding" contract="WcfService1.IService1" ></endpoint>
      </service>
    </services>
  </system.serviceModel>

1.<message clientCredentialType="Certificate" />clientCredentialType设为:Certificate;

注意事项:

2.需布置serviceCredentials节点,个中serviceCertificate 中各属性均需与证书相相称,clientCertificate里面作者将authentication.certificateValidationMode="None",不设置使用暗中认可值其实也足以;

1.绑定类型,作者这里运用basicHttpBinding(不是每一种绑定都帮助WINDOWS验证的),同期需安顿该绑定类型的security节点,mode设为TransportCredentialOnly,transport.clientCredentialType设为Windows。

客户端援引服务,自动生成如下配置消息:

姣好上述配置后再一直访谈WCF服务地点时,弹出要求输入顾客名及密码,就申明WINDOWS验证已奏效,接下去正是客商端援引该WCF服务,援引后布置文件自动进行了对应的翻新,这里大家不供给改善,然后在调用WCF服务时须求传入WindowsClientCredential对象,并内定客商名与密码,这里的客商名与密码均为该WCF服务端上服务器上的WINDOWS顾客名及密码,与第种种同等代码就不贴出来了。

    <system.serviceModel>
        <bindings>
            <wsHttpBinding>
                <binding name="WSHttpBinding_IService1">
                    <security mode="Message">
                        <transport clientCredentialType="Windows" proxyCredentialType="None"
                            realm="" />
                        <message clientCredentialType="Certificate" negotiateServiceCredential="true"
                            algorithmSuite="Default" />
                    </security>
                </binding>
            </wsHttpBinding>
        </bindings>
        <client>
            <endpoint address="http://127.0.0.1:8732/WcfAuthentications/Service1/"
                binding="wsHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IService1"
                contract="ServiceReference1.IService1" name="WSHttpBinding_IService1" behaviorConfiguration="Service1Nehavior">
                <identity>
                    <certificate encodedValue="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" />
                </identity>
            </endpoint>
        </client>
      <behaviors>
        <endpointBehaviors>
          <behavior name="Service1Nehavior">
            <clientCredentials>
              <clientCertificate findValue="ZwjCert" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" storeLocation="LocalMachine" storeName="TrustedPeople" />
            </clientCredentials>
          </behavior>
        </endpointBehaviors>
      </behaviors>
    </system.serviceModel>

 

能够见到endpoint节点下的identity.certificate的encodedValue富含了加密的数码,其它索要手动扩大clientCertificate配置消息,该音讯表示证书在地点Computer存放的职责,当然也得以通过代码来动态钦赐,如:proxy.ClientCredentials.ClientCertificate.SetCertificate("ZwjCert", StoreLocation.LocalMachine, StoreName.My卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar);

客商端接收劳务代码如下:

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            using (var proxy = new ServiceReference1.Service1Client())
            {

                //proxy.ClientCredentials.ClientCertificate.SetCertificate("ZwjCert", StoreLocation.LocalMachine, StoreName.My); //直接动态指定证书存储位置
                string result = proxy.GetData(1);
                Console.WriteLine(result);
                var compositeObj = proxy.GetDataUsingDataContract(new CompositeType() { BoolValue = true, StringValue = "test" });
                Console.WriteLine(SerializerToJson(compositeObj));
            }
            Console.ReadKey();
        }

网络还会有另类的针对X509注脚验证,首如果使用了自定义的证件验证器类,有意思味的能够敬重那篇文章:

其三种:ASP.NET成员身份(membership)验证

 由于该验证必要信任X509证书,所以照旧必要创立一个证件(方法如首先种中创制证书方法生机勃勃致):ZwjCert;

是因为该种验证方式是基于ASP.NET的membership,所以必要成立相应的数据库及创制账号,创造数据库,请通过运维aspnet_regsql.exe向导来创造数据库及其相关的表,通过张开ASP.NET 网址管理工科具(是叁个自带的拘押网址),并在上头创制角色及顾客,用于后续的辨证;

那边非常说诺优能(Nutrilon卡塔尔(Beingmate卡塔尔(قطر‎下,若使用VS2013,VS上是从未自带的GUI按键来运营该管理工科具网址,须求通过如下命令来动态编写翻译该网站:

cd C:Program FilesIIS Express
iisexpress.exe /path:C:WindowsMicrosoft.NETFrameworkv4.0.30319ASP.NETWebAdminFiles /vpath:/WebAdmin /port:12345 /clr:4.0 /ntlm

编写翻译时若现身报错:“System.Configuration.StringUtil”不可访谈,因为它受保险等级约束,请将WebAdminPage.cs中代码作如下改进:

//取消部份:
string appId = StringUtil.GetNonRandomizedHashCode(String.Concat(appPath, appPhysPath)).ToString("x", CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);


//新增加部份:
Assembly sysConfig = Assembly.LoadFile(@"C:WindowsMicrosoft.NETFrameworkv4.0.30319System.Configuration.dll");
Type sysConfigType = sysConfig.GetType("System.Configuration.StringUtil");
string appId = ((int)sysConfigType.GetMethod("GetNonRandomizedHashCode").Invoke(null, new object[] { String.Concat(appPath, appPhysPath), true })).ToString("x", CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);

那般就能够依据指令生生成的网站举办访问就足以了。假设像自家同大器晚成,操作系统为:WINDOWS 10,那么倒霉意思,生成的网站就算能够张开,但仍会报错:

欣逢错误。请回来上风姿浪漫页一视同仁试。

自定义用户名及密码验证(需要借助X509证书),就继续总结WCF身份验证的其它方法。当前并未有找到建设方案,英特网有说ASP.NET网址处理工科具在WIN10下不被扶助,到底干什么权且无解,若大家有掌握的还请分享一下(CSDN有别人的求问贴:),特别谢谢,小编那边就只可以换台计算机来运作ASP.NET管理工科具网址了。

 WCF服务端配置如下:

  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="SqlConn" connectionString="Server=.;Database=aspnetdb;Uid=sa;Pwd=www.zuowenjun.cn;"/>
  </connectionStrings>
  <system.web>
    <compilation debug="true" targetFramework="4.5" />
    <httpRuntime targetFramework="4.5"/>
    <membership defaultProvider="SqlMembershipProvider">
      <providers>
        <clear/>
        <add name="SqlMembershipProvider" type="System.Web.Security.SqlMembershipProvider" connectionStringName="SqlConn" applicationName="/" enablePasswordRetrieval="false" enablePasswordReset="false" requiresQuestionAndAnswer="false" requiresUniqueEmail="true" passwordFormat="Hashed"/>
      </providers>
    </membership>
  </system.web>
  <system.serviceModel>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="Service1Behavior">
          <serviceCredentials>
            <serviceCertificate findValue="ZwjCert" storeLocation="LocalMachine"
              storeName="TrustedPeople" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" />
            <userNameAuthentication userNamePasswordValidationMode="MembershipProvider"
              membershipProviderName="SqlMembershipProvider" />
          </serviceCredentials>
           <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true" />
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false" />
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="Service1Binding">
          <security mode="Message">
            <message clientCredentialType="UserName"/>
          </security>
        </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
  <services>
    <service name="WcfService1.Service1" behaviorConfiguration="Service1Behavior">
      <endpoint address="" binding="wsHttpBinding" contract="WcfService1.IService1" bindingConfiguration="Service1Binding">
      </endpoint>
    </service>
  </services>
  </system.serviceModel>

那边需注意几点:

1.配置connectionString,连接受membership所需的数据库; 

2.陈设membership,增加SqlMembershipProvider属性配置;

3.配置serviceCredential,与第大器晚成种基本相通,区别的是userNameAuthentication的布署:userNamePasswordValidationMode="MembershipProvider",membershipProviderName="SqlMembershipProvider";

4.配置Binding节点<message clientCredentialType="UserName"/>,那与第后生可畏种同等; 

顾客端引用WCF服务,查看生成的安顿文件内容,需确定保障Binding节点有以下配置新闻:

<security mode="Message">
        <message clientCredentialType="UserName" />
 </security>

末尾动用WCF服务,使用代码与第生机勃勃种同等,唯生龙活虎要求小心的是,传入的UserName和Password均为ASP.NET网站管理工具中创造的客商新闻。

除此以外大家也足以使用membership+Form验证,利用ASP.NET的身份验证机制,要贯彻这种情势,是急需动用svc文件,并寄宿在IIS上,具体落到实处方式,参见:

出于WCF的求证格局很多,本文不可能一回性全体写完,敬请期望续篇!

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